by Alexander Hars, Jan. 2010
If only technical issues mattered, driverless vehicles would soon be common place: After 40 years of research the technology is close to leaving the prototype stage: Late in 2007 six autonomous vehicles successfully completed a 90 kilometer test course of simulated urban traffic. The completely driverless cars had to obey California Driving Rules, watch traffic lights, avoid other cars, negotiate their turn at four-way intersections, etc.
Despite of these successes, little progress will be made (except, unfortunately, on the battlefield) as long as our societies continue to ignore the huge social, economic and environmental benefits of this technology. In this paper, we examine how automated vehicles will fundamentally change our transportation infrastructure and provide the opportunity to make our societies better – less dependent on oil, less-resource consuming, with less carnage on the roads and with more freedom for the old, young and underprivileged. Full paper (pdf).
by Alex Forrest, Mustafa Konca, 2007
This paper gives information about the history and technology of autonomous vehicles. To evaluate the socio-economic effect of the autonomous vehicles, we review the benefits and economic savings that will emerge as a result of the introduction of autonomous cars in the economy. Impacts on safety, traffic flow, fuel economy, professional driving and culture are some of the important issues mentioned in this report. Full paper (pdf)
by Nidhi Kalra, James Anderson and Martin Wachs (2009)
Looks at liability and regulatory issues related to driverless vehicles. Makes policy recommendations. Full paper (pdf)
by Rodrigo Benenson (2008), PhD Thesis
Excellent introduction into driverless cars. Includes an analysis of safety issues and describes many of the problems and algorithms (SLAM-based) for automated driving in urban settings. The full thesis is available online.